Scientific and practical journal
Regional Economy

Journal Regional Economy -- re2023.02.146

Repository of Institute of Regional Research UDC 339.56.055; JEL C92, D02, D03, H41, N15, N45
Zhyvko, M. A., & Zastavnyy, A. R. (2023). Frahmentatsiya Blyz'koho Skhodu: sotsial'nyy ta ekonomichnyy aspekt [Fragmentation of the Middle East: social and economic aspects]. Rehional'na ekonomika - Regional Economy, 108 (2), 146-154. DOI: [in Ukrainian].
Sources: 11


Zhyvko Maksym Andriyovych

Ph.D. of Economics

Deputy Director of the Academic Institute of International Relations n.a. B. D. Havrylyshyn of the Western Ukrainian National University



Zastavnyy Andriy Romanovych

Postgraduate of the Department of international economics of the Academic Institute of International Relations n.a. B. D. Havrylyshyn of the Western Ukrainian National University




The article aims to deepen the theoretical foundations of the fragmentation of the Middle Eastern countries in terms of socio-economic factors that have significantly influenced stability and development in the region. The authors highlight the consequences of fragmentation for various aspects of social life, including political stability, social cohesion, economic development, and human well-being. The article outlines potential strategies and interventions to address these challenges in order to contribute to a more inclusive and prosperous Middle East. The authors analyze the ethnic, religious, and cultural differences in the Middle East that have contributed to social fragmentation and led to tensions and conflicts that ultimately impede socio-economic development. Fragmentation is shown to have affected social cohesion and cultural identity in the region. Differences based on ethnicity, religion, and political preferences hinder social integration, leading to increased social tensions and potential conflicts. Political instability and governance problems, including weak governance structures and authoritarian regimes, are analyzed. The article reveals that political instability has contributed to fragmentation in the region due to the lack of inclusive governance systems and effective institutions, which hinders economic growth and social progress. The fragmentation of political stability and security in the Middle East is assessed. Internal conflicts, inter-confessional tensions, and the rise of non-state actors pose serious challenges to regional stability and cooperation. The authors show that the unequal distribution of wealth and resources, combined with high levels of poverty and unemployment, has increased social inequality and created economic fractures in the region. Limited regional cooperation, trade barriers, and political instability impede economic growth, preventing the creation of sustainable livelihoods and opportunities.


Middle East, fragmentation, socio-economic factors, social cohesion, economic development, political stability, human well-being


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