Scientific and practical journal
Regional Economy

Journal Regional Economy -- re2018.01.030

Repository of Institute of Regional Research Repository of Vernadsky Library UDC 332.122:331.01; JEL H73, O18, R58
Benovska, L. Ya. (2018). Terytorial'na hromada yak sub’yekt rehulyuvannya rozvytku terytoriy: teoretychni aspekty [Territorial community as a subject of regulation development of the territories: theoretical aspects]. Rehional'na ekonomika - Regional Economy, 87 (1), 30-39. Retrieved from [in Ukrainian].
Sources: 16


Benovska Liliya Yaroslavivna

Ph.D. of Economics

Senior Researcher, Scientific Secretary of the unit of the Department of regional financial policy of the Dolishniy Institute of Regional Research of NAS of Ukraine

Contacts: (Лілія Беновська)



In the article, the conceptual and terminological apparatus of territorial communities was investigated with the allocation of territorial, sociological, public and legal and systemic approaches. It is revealed that implementation of the reform of administrative-territorial system and decentralization reform require a qualitatively new view on territorial communities with taking into account economic, financial and material factors. After all, with the introduction of amendments to the Budget and Tax Code, on the one hand, the conditions for increasing the financial capacity of the territorial communities were created, and on the other hand, their responsibility for the development of their territories increased.
The territorial community is proposed to be considered as an integral entity, which is characterized by the unity of social community, the subject of local self-government and the basic level of the administrative and territorial system of the country. Territorial community as a social community creates and supports social life within a certain territory, guided by the economic, political, social and cultural, and environmental interests; as a subject of local self-government it can operate in conditions of interaction with the environment and be responsible for maintaining integer landmarks; as a basic link of the administrative and territorial system it is characterized by a system, has a certain resource potential, which provides it with competitive advantages and creates opportunities for the development of the territory.
The classification of territorial communities was carried out by the following classification characteristics: type of settlement, fullness of coverage, character of formation, geographical location, level of social and economic development.
The territorial community is proven to act as the subject of regulation of the development of its own territory, and the object of regulation (as an administrative and territorial unit of the base level) in the system of management of higher level authorities (regional, state).
The regulation of the development of territorial communities is proposed to be considered as ensuring of favorable conditions on the part of state, regional and local authorities for providing social and economic development of territorial communities by using various instruments and methods of influence (economic, organizational, financial, legal).
The functions of territorial community, as the subject of regulation of social and economic development, are investigated. Legal, organizational, economic, financial methods of regulation of the development of territorial communities are allocated. Two directions of state regulation of the development of territorial communities are outlined: leveling of disproportions of social and economic development and promotion of the development of territories. The first direction involves the mechanisms of indirect action and is implemented through interbudgetary relations with the use of financial equalization instruments; the second direction involves the mechanisms of direct action through investment support of the development of territorial communities.


territorial community, development, regulation of development, local self-government


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