Scientific and practical journal
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Regional Economy
   



Bachynska Mariya Volodymyrivna



Bachynska Mariya Volodymyrivna

Ph.D. of Economics

Researcher, Scientific Secretary of the unit of the Department of problems of social and humanitarian development of the regions of the Dolishniy Institute of Regional Research of NAS of Ukraine

Contacts: maricka1104@gmail.com, (097)697-1131, (032)270-6445

Webpages:



Coauthors



Andrusyshyn Nataliya Ivanivna

Semiv Lyubov Kazymyrivna

Semiv Serhiy Romanovych

Teslyuk Roman Tadeyovych



Publications



Repository of Dolishniy Institute of Regional Research UDC 314.186(477)"1920/1930"; JEL А14, І11, I18
Teslyuk, R. T., Andrusyshyn, N. I., & Bachynska, M. V. (2021). Osoblyvosti vidtvorennya naselennya USRR v 1920-1930 rokakh u parametrakh demohrafichnoyi stiykosti [The features of the USSR population reproduction in 1920–1930 in the demographic stability parameters]. Rehional'na ekonomika - Regional Economy, 100 (2), 110-124. DOI: https://doi.org/10.36818/1562-0905-2021-2-11. [in Ukrainian].

Sources: 31


The 1932–1933 Holodomor genocide caused a significant reduction of the population and distorted the main parameters of the country’s demographic stability. To analyze the changes in the population by the longitudinal analysis method, the survival rates are calculated for age groups of the population in the intercensal periods. Calculations based on the data of 1926 and 1939 censuses show substantial inconsistencies in the survival rate for five female age groups within the range of 33-57 years old. Despite the 1932–1933 demographic catastrophe and taking into account the natural mortality before and after the Holodomor, the number of people in these age categories changed slightly and even increased for the 43-47 category. The authors prove that migration in the intercensal period couldn’t have caused such growth, and the calculated coefficients confirm the questionable quality of the 1939 census. The paper reveals that the first stage of demographic transition should have been in 1932–1933, yet historical-political and socio-economic conditions of demographic reproduction aggravated considerably in early 1930. The recovery of the high birth rate in 1937–1938 shows that the first stage of demographic transition wasn’t finalized. Calculation of the number of women in the most active childbirth age and analysis of birth rate for 1924–1929 shows that in 1930–1933, the birth rate should have increased. The calculated indirect demographic losses account 310,000-430,000 annually for 1930, 1931, 1937, and 1938, and from 630,000 to 1 million for 1932–1936. Such insignificant volume of indirect losses substantially reduced demographic stability, in the first place of Ukrainian village. The incomplete and questionable nature of demographic data after 1932 does not allow complete reconstruction of the demographic reproduction processes in the USSR in the 1930s. Archive data on the natural movement of the population on lover administrative-territorial levels, current statistical recordings, and recordings of the civil status acts on birth and mortality, etc. can be the perspective sources of demographic information. 
demographic reproduction, 1920–1930, USSR, gender and age structure of the population,1932–1933 Holodomor genocide, longitudinal analysis method, demographic stability 



Repository of Dolishniy Institute of Regional Research UDC [331.55:37]:[332.1:316.4.066](477.8); JEL F22, R23, I21
Semiv, L. K., Bachynska, M. V., & Semiv, S. R. (2021). Rehional'ni determinanty seredovyshcha osvitn'oyi emihratsiyi naselennya Karpats'koho rehionu [Regional determinants of the environment of educational emigration of the population of the Carpathian region]. Rehional'na ekonomika - Regional Economy, 99 (1), 29-43. DOI: https://doi.org/10.36818/1562-0905-2021-1-4. [in Ukrainian].

Sources: 26


The problem aspects of the environment of educational emigration in the oblasts of the Carpathian region are determined and the directions for their regulation are substantiated. The problem aspects of the environment of educational emigration are outlined across the main determinants (defining factors): educational migration capacity; academic environment quality; educational migration motivation; cooperation between universities and industries in the research; institutional conditions in education. The paper suggests the calculation of the Regional Index of Forming the Educational Migration Environment (RIFEME) to evaluate and analyze the environment of educational migration that pushes the young students abroad. It is calculated across 28 parameters by the data for 2017-2018. The selected parameters characterize various conditions of forming the educational migration environment: educational, educational–scientific, informational, socio-economic, political, socio-demographic, innovative, institutional. An aggregate estimation of determinants (integral index) shows the place of the oblasts of the Carpathian region by the condition of forming the educational migration environment. Systemic RIFEME calculation (calculations are performed for 2017-2018) forms the information base for monitoring the environment of the population’s migration activity and condition of educational services market based on academic mobility of students, teachers, and researchers and their cross-border mobility, for detecting the problems of the educational emigration environment, and for determining the ways to regulate it. Main directions to regulate the environment of educational migration in social, scientific-technological, economic, educational, and informational public policies are substantiated. The suggested tools and measures of regulation of the educational migration environment aim to reduce the paces of educational emigration and prevent possible losses of resources capacity and human capital of domestic higher educational institutions and scientific schools. 
migration, educational migration, environment, parameters, integral index, Carpathian region, monitoring, regulation 



Repository of Dolishniy Institute of Regional Research UDC [331.55:37]:332.1; JEL I00, I21
Bachynska, M. V., Semiv, L. K., & Semiv, S. R. (2020). Analiz osvitnikh mihratsiynykh protsesiv: rehional'nyy aspekt [Analysis of educational migration processes: regional aspect]. Rehional'na ekonomika - Regional Economy, 98 (4), 65-71. DOI: https://doi.org/10.36818/1562-0905-2020-4-8. [in Ukrainian].

Sources: 10


Analysis and consideration of current migration trends in our country, in particular mass interstate migration movements in the context of Ukraine's participation in the European and world migration space, are considered among the important factors in shaping its national policy. Educational migration is a special threat to the socio-economic development of the country and sustainable development of society, as the formation of highly qualified personnel, accumulation of intellectual capital, and increasing scientific and technological potential of the country are among the important factors of economic and social progress. Due to the intensification of interstate migration flows and the development of the quality of the higher education system in foreign educational institutions, migration for education takes a larger share, which is mostly accompanied by constant migration and departure of Ukrainian citizens for permanent residence abroad. The analysis of publications on this issue proves the urgency of educational migration research, and today it remains important to analyze trends in educational migration, find mechanisms to counter the transformation of Ukraine into a country of origin of educational migrants, as well as their repatriation. The article analyzes the educational migration processes in Ukraine in the regional context. The main regional centers of higher education are identified. The focus is on the migration intentions of the population to study abroad and a comparative description of the educational systems of different countries. The order and stages of the admission campaign in foreign educational institutions are described. The essence and features of educational migration are studied and the main reasons that help Ukrainian students to choose foreign higher education institutions are highlighted. The main causes and consequences of educational migration, as well as potential opportunities for educational migration, are identified. Certain benefits and costs associated with educational migration processes are justified. The directions of development of educational migration and effective migration system in Ukraine and its regions, which should take a worthy place in the migration policy of the state, are offered. 
migration processes, education system, labor migration, employment, educational migration 



Repository of Institute of Regional Research UDC 331.55:[331.5:332.1]; JEL О15, R58, J14
Bachynska, M. V. (2017). Adaptatsiyni mekhanizmy rehulyuvannya mihratsiyi v konteksti transformatsiyi rehional'nykh rynkiv pratsi [Adaptive mechanisms of migration regulation in the context of transformation of regional labor markets]. Rehional'na ekonomika - Regional Economy, 86(4), 65-71. [in Ukrainian].

Sources: 12


The article deals with the theoretical basis of internally displaced persons’ adaptation processes in the host society. The definitions such as «adaptation», «social adaptation», «adaptation mechanisms» are studied and supplemented. The views of scientists and psychologists to study the process of adaptation of internally displaced persons in the new environment are outlined. The number of internally displaced persons, their location and concentration in different regions of Ukraine is analyzed. Adaptive mechanisms are examined and adaptive model of internally displaced persons in the host society is suggested. The process of adaptation of internally displaced persons in various regions of Ukraine is described. Specifics, socio-cultural traditions and peculiarities of the host region are outlined. The projects that organize and ensure the adaptation and development of internally displaced persons in the region are analyzed. 
adaptation, social adaptation, adaptive mechanisms, internally displaced persons, host society, adaptation model 



Repository of Institute of Regional Research UDC [338.45:61]:330.59:332.1
Bachynska, M. V. (2012). Analiz ta prohnoz chysel'nosti osib pokhyloho viku v konteksti rozvytku heriatrychnoyi dopomohy naselennyu rehionu [Analysis and Forecast of the Number of Elderly Persons in the Context of Regional Population Geriatric Care Development]. Rehional'na ekonomika - Regional Economy, 66(4), 129-135. [in Ukrainian].

Sources: 9


Study investigates the widespread problem nowadays – the aging of population and the need to find solutions to the problems of improving the quality of life of elderly population. The number of elderly people in the Lviv region is analyzed and forecast of Lviv region elderly population by 2030 is conducted using the method of age movement, which confirms the need of geriatric care development because the predicted number of elderly people in the region tends to rise till 2026 with its maximum growth rate in 2016-2022.The benchmarks of geriatric care development in Lviv region according to the needs of the population are proposed and the need to improve the quality of geriatric services to be carried out taking into account the degree of satisfaction of the population by geriatric services and activity of geriatric care institutions is stressed. 
aging of population, quality of life, organization of geriatric care system, geriatric service, elderly population, population forecast, program-target method 


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