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Teslyuk Roman Tadeyovych



Teslyuk Roman Tadeyovych

Ph.D. of Geography, Senior Researcher

Senior Researcher, Doctoral Postgraduate of the Department of problems of social and humanitarian development of the regions of the Dolishniy Institute of Regional Research of NAS of Ukraine

Contacts: r.teslyuk@gmail.com, (032)297-38-91, (099)447-0681, (097)500-9032

Webpages:



Coauthors



Andrusyshyn Nataliya Ivanivna

Baranyak Ihor Yevhenovych

Bachyns'ka Mariya Volodymyrivna

Bil' Maryana Mykhaylivna

Levyts'ka Ol'ha Oleksandrivna

Makhonyuk Oleksandr Volodymyrovych

Seleshchuk Hryhoriy Pavlovych



Publications



Repository of Dolishniy Institute of Regional Research UDC 314.186(477)"1920/1930"; JEL А14, І11, I18
Teslyuk, R. T., Andrusyshyn, N. I., & Bachynska, M. V. (2021). Osoblyvosti vidtvorennya naselennya USRR v 1920-1930 rokakh u parametrakh demohrafichnoyi stiykosti [The features of the USSR population reproduction in 1920–1930 in the demographic stability parameters]. Rehional'na ekonomika - Regional Economy, 100 (2), 110-124. DOI: https://doi.org/10.36818/1562-0905-2021-2-11. [in Ukrainian].

Sources: 31


The 1932–1933 Holodomor genocide caused a significant reduction of the population and distorted the main parameters of the country’s demographic stability. To analyze the changes in the population by the longitudinal analysis method, the survival rates are calculated for age groups of the population in the intercensal periods. Calculations based on the data of 1926 and 1939 censuses show substantial inconsistencies in the survival rate for five female age groups within the range of 33-57 years old. Despite the 1932–1933 demographic catastrophe and taking into account the natural mortality before and after the Holodomor, the number of people in these age categories changed slightly and even increased for the 43-47 category. The authors prove that migration in the intercensal period couldn’t have caused such growth, and the calculated coefficients confirm the questionable quality of the 1939 census. The paper reveals that the first stage of demographic transition should have been in 1932–1933, yet historical-political and socio-economic conditions of demographic reproduction aggravated considerably in early 1930. The recovery of the high birth rate in 1937–1938 shows that the first stage of demographic transition wasn’t finalized. Calculation of the number of women in the most active childbirth age and analysis of birth rate for 1924–1929 shows that in 1930–1933, the birth rate should have increased. The calculated indirect demographic losses account 310,000-430,000 annually for 1930, 1931, 1937, and 1938, and from 630,000 to 1 million for 1932–1936. Such insignificant volume of indirect losses substantially reduced demographic stability, in the first place of Ukrainian village. The incomplete and questionable nature of demographic data after 1932 does not allow complete reconstruction of the demographic reproduction processes in the USSR in the 1930s. Archive data on the natural movement of the population on lover administrative-territorial levels, current statistical recordings, and recordings of the civil status acts on birth and mortality, etc. can be the perspective sources of demographic information. 
demographic reproduction, 1920–1930, USSR, gender and age structure of the population,1932–1933 Holodomor genocide, longitudinal analysis method, demographic stability 



Repository of Institute of Regional Research Teslyuk, R. T., & Levytska, O. O. (2017). Etnodemohrafichna ta sotsiolinhvistychna kartyna svitu ochyma ukrayins'koho vchenoho [Ethnodemographic and sociolinguistic picture of the world by the eyes of the Ukrainian scientist]. Rehional'na ekonomika - Regional Economy, 86(4), 148-151. [in Ukrainian].



Repository of Institute of Regional Research UDC 331.55:314.7:316.772.4(477); JEL F22, J61, R23
Teslyuk, R. T., & Seleshchuk, H. P. (2017). Suchasni tendentsiyi ukrayins'koyi mihratsiyi ta samoorhanizatsiyi hromad mihrantiv [Current trends in Ukrainian migration and self-organization of migrant communities]. Rehional'na ekonomika - Regional Economy, 86(4), 46-53. [in Ukrainian].

Sources: 22


The military conflict in Eastern Ukraine and occupation of Crimea led to significant changes in dynamics and vectors of migration flows, brought about new trends in migration processes. They primarily concern the recently increased internal migration. Another trend refers to Ukrainian external labour migration, the intensity of which can be considered as a reflection of the economic position of the state. The main peculiarity of the current migration situation in Ukraine is a combination of the two mentioned tendencies. As a result, an intense pressure is put on regional labour markets and, especially, on the social sphere of regions accepting internally displaced persons. This accelerates the existing international migration processes, forms migration orientations (aspirations) among local people and does not contribute to re-emigration. Main features and trends in current Ukrainian migration in terms of self-organization of migrant communities are defined in two focuses – external labour migration and forced internal displacement. 1. Recent events led to a significant transformation of external migration vectors. By 2014, the international migration processes in the Western region of Ukraine were much more intensive than in the East. Furthermore, the Western region tended to both the European and Russian vectors of migration, but the Eastern region – mostly to the Russian one. As a result of a significant deterioration of economic conditions and the war in the Donbas, the trend has distinctly changed – the number of Ukrainian migrants in Russian Federation substantially declined, although still making up more than 1 million people. 2. In previous years the topical issues were concerning the labour migrants’ return, their reintegration and self-organization. There were certain organizations of labour migrants-returnees which were building up strong cultural and socio-economic ties in the homeland. However, since the beginning of military aggression of Russia, the tendency to return has vanished completely. There is only a permanent trend for emigration under any conditions. 3. Formation of internal centres of self-organization of the displaced persons’ communities is currently taking place. In the west of the country, there are much less displaced people, although at the beginning of hostilities in the Donbas the Western region was actually the focus for IDP. The region was considered to be not as much the place for permanent settlement, as to be a sort of a transition point to the West. 4. The core trend in the labour market is the labour force cheapening, which causes serious anxiety and tense relations with the local population. It mostly refers to Kyiv, Odesa and Vinnytsya regions. The conflicts between internally displaced persons and local people force an application of new approaches and methods of analysis of integration processes in the recipient regions or in any countries. 5. In general, the processes of self-organization of migrant communities can occur at different levels: at the level of small organizations (micro-communities); territorial communities; at the macro-level of the state. The main reasons for differences in the processes of self-organization of migrant communities are: the character of migration (the «voluntary» migration with the purpose of earnings or the forced one to preserve life and health); orientation on the paternalism among most of the IDP, whereas the external labour migrants are used to rely on their own strength or help from relatives or friends; the host society (predetermines the necessity or inexpediency of formation of such communities, presence or absence of the corresponding legislative norms). Further practical decisions for the solution of the mentioned problems lie in the search for optimal mechanisms of self-organization of migrant communities in terms of their employment and decent living standards provision. 
international labour migration, internally displaced persons (IDP), self-organization, migrant community, labour market 



Repository of Institute of Regional Research Teslyuk, R. T., & Bil, M. M. (2015). Mihratsiya u kryzovykh umovakh: ukrayins'ko-pol's'kyy kontekst [Migration in terms of crisis: Ukrainian-Polish context]. Rehional'na ekonomika - Regional Economy, 77(3). [in Ukrainian].



Repository of Institute of Regional Research UDC 314.7:331.1:30
Teslyuk, R. T., Bil, M. M., Mahonyuk, O. V., & Baranyak, I. Y. (2014). Rehional'ni sotsial'no-ekonomichni doslidzhennya mihratsiynykh pytan': retrospektyva ta suchasni pidkhody [Regional social and economic research of migration problems: retrospective and modern approaches]. Rehional'na ekonomika - Regional Economy, 73(3), 131-141. [in Ukrainian].

Sources: 10


In this article the scientists of the Institute of Regional Research of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine performed the retrospective review of elaborations on migration during the period of the market relations formation and gaining of independence by the country. The problems of dissertations that reveal the migration question are analyzed. The scientific investigation directions of the migration question on the basis of scientists’ achievements in defense of dissertations and results of publications in the Institute magazines are systematized. This enabled to establish that till 2010 research problems were focused mainly on causes and consequences of migration, its specificity in cross-border area, geospatial and globalization aspects, in particular as to population mobility in rural areas, problems of repatriation of different ethnic groups.

The special investigation themes were formed according to the studying fields of social and labor potential and labor market where migration determinants are characterized by high importance. Since 2009, it has been performed the general characteristics of modern trends of the migration issues study within the department of social and human development of the region.

It is generalized the main scientific achievements of the department in publications (edition of the collective monograph “Regional migration policy and mechanisms for its implementation”, reference books, collections of scientific works, etc.), an event with a discussion about migration issues (two international scientific conferences, round tables, seminars), applied testing research results at the level of government bodies of the national and local levels, including the state Migration Service of Ukraine. It is presented the main scientific research areas of the department through review of the research themes for the period 2009-2014 where migration issues took up a key position.

These fields are: conditions of migration processes with emphasis on environment multiculturalism in which they occur; migration determinants of social work organization; consequences of migration for development of the social and demographic potential of the region; system approach to the organization of migration processes in the context of sustainable development; system of social and economic security of migrant workers.

Objective concepts and terminology, including regional migration policy definitions, regional migration systems, social and labor systems, migration networks, human potential of a migrant, social security of a migrant and others were developed. Scientific research perspectives of migration issues that concentrate scientists’ attention on social and cultural migration consequences and their regulation possibilities within the country are defined. 

migration, mobility, migration activity, repatriation, social and economic security of migrants, territorial migration system 



Citations



Teslyuk, R. T., & Seleshchuk, H. P. (2017). Suchasni tendentsiyi ukrayins’koyi mihratsiyi ta samoorhanizatsiyi hromad mihrantiv [Modern tendencies of Ukrainian migration and self-organization of migrant communities]. Rehional’na ekonomika – Regional Economy, 4, 46-53. [in Ukrainian]. {re2018.03.054.003}

Sadova, U. Ya. (Ed.), Teslyuk, R. T., Bil, M. M., Ryndzak, O. T., & Mulska, O. P., et al. (2018). Mihratsiyni yavyshcha ta protsesy: ponyattya, metody, fakty [Migration phenomena and processes: concepts, methods, facts]: Reference book. 2nd ed. Lviv: Dolishniy Institute of Regional Research of NAS of Ukraine. [in Ukrainian]. {re2020.01.062.001}


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